Several inventions in textile machinery occurred in a relatively short time period during the industrial revolution.
- 1733 Flying shuttle invented by John Kay – an improvement to looms that enabled weavers to weave faster.
- 1742 Cotton mills were first opened in England.
- 1764 Spinning jenny invented by James Hargreaves – the first machine to improve upon the spinning wheel.
- 1764 Water frame invented by Richard Arkwright – the first powered textile machine.
- 1769Arkwright patented the water frame.
- 1770Hargreaves patented the Spinning Jenny.
- 1773The first all-cotton textiles were produced in factories.
- 1779Crompton invented the spinning mule that allowed for greater control over the weaving process
- 1785Cartwright patented the power loom. It was improved upon by William Horrocks, known for his invention of the variable speed batton in 1813.
- 1787Cotton goods production had increased 10 fold since 1770.
- 1789 Samuel Slater brought textile machinery design to the US.
- 1790Arkwright built the first steam powered textile factory in Nottingham, England.
- 1792Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin – a machine that automated the separation of cottonseed from the short-staple cotton fiber.
- 1804 Joseph Marie Jacquard invented the Jacquard Loom that weaved complex designs. Jacquard invented a way of automatically controlling the warp and weft threads on a silk loom by recording patterns of holes in a string of cards*.
- 1813 William Horrocks invented the variable speed batton (for an improved power loom).
- 1856William Perkin invented the first synthetic dye.